New OSHA Rule Requires More Injury and Illness Reporting for High-Hazard Industry Employers with 100+ Employees

New OSHA Rule Requires More Injury and Illness Reporting for High-Hazard Industry Employers with 100+ Employees

OSHA believes that this rule will reduce occupational injuries and illnesses.

Effective on January 1, 2024, OSHA is amending its occupational injury and illness recordkeeping regulation. It will now require certain high-hazard employers to electronically submit injury and illness information to OSHA, which they are already required to keep in their records according to the regulation.

Under the new rule, there will be four major changes:

  1. Require establishments with 100 or more employees in certain high-hazard industries to electronically submit information from their OSHA Forms 300, 301 and 300A to OSHA once a year.
  2. Update the classification system used to determine the list of industries covered in the rule.
  3. Remove the current requirement for establishments with 250 or more employees, NOT in a designated industry, to electronically submit information from their Form 300A to OSHA annually.
  4. Require employers to include their company name when making electronic submissions to OSHA.

New high-risk industries added to appendix B include:

  • Logging
  • Hunting and Trapping
  • Other Furniture Related Product Manufacturing
  • Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers
  • Taxi and Limousine Service
  • Other Support Activities for Transportation

For the full list of industries on the list, see the end of the article below.

It is important to note that OSHA will NOT:

  • collect employee names or addresses,
  • names of health care professionals, or
  • names and addresses of facilities where treatment was provided if treatment was provided away from the worksite from the Forms 300 and 301

OSHA estimates that this rule will have economic costs of $7.7 million per year, including $7.1 million per year to the private sector, with the average yearly cost being $136 for affected establishments with 100 or more employees, annualized over 10 years with a discount rate of seven percent. The agency believes that the annual benefits, while unquantified, significantly exceed the annual costs.

Why the new changes?

First, OSHA will use this data to intervene through strategic outreach and enforcement to reduce worker injuries and illnesses in high-hazard industries.

For example, it can help OSHA’s efforts to address indoor and outdoor heat-related hazards. As climate change has accelerated, every year heat hazards are increasing with more heat-related sicknesses and deaths among workers. Currently, OSHA most often learns of these hazards after an employer reports a worker hospitalization or death.

This move restores the rights for workers at Amazon and other companies with high injury rates to access essential information. It gives these workers a chance to learn more about the dangers in their workplaces and demand that employers fix them.

So, expect more targeted enforcement campaigns in the following years.

For employers, the collected data would provide direct access to detailed injury and illness information to compare their injury and illness records and experience with others in the same industry. Benchmarking safety performance to more comparable establishments and employers instead of large, anonymous aggregates would provide more accurate metrics for guiding and motivating them to improve on safety programs.

Lastly, workplace safety consultants and other workplace safety professionals will be able to use the collected data to improve workplace safety and health.

Have an illness and want to avoid busy Doctor’s offices or medical facilities?

Start your customized health plan to meet your business needs and keep your employees healthy and safe.

Our Occupational Medicine Team will develop a custom plan for your company. You may need a combination of services related to:

We understand the impact that lost time, limited duty, and medical costs have on the company and the employee. So, work with an occupational medicine provider that can be staffed on-site or have a mobile health clinic come to reduce employee downtime away from the office.

We also have a strong understanding of the OSHA recordkeeping rule and how certain medical diagnosis and treatments impact your OSHA 300 log.

Contact our medical team to develop your custom plan at 800.551.9816 or

  • 1111 Oilseed and Grain Farming
  • 1112 Vegetable and Melon Farming
  • 1113 Fruit and Tree Nut Farming
  • 1114 Greenhouse, Nursery, and Floriculture Production
  • 1119 Other Crop Farming
  • 1121 Cattle Ranching and Farming
  • 1122 Hog and Pig Farming
  • 1123 Poultry and Egg Production
  • 1129 Other Animal Production
  • 1133 Logging
  • 1141 Fishing
  • 1142 Hunting and Trapping
  • 1151 Support Activities for Crop Production
  • 1152 Support Activities for Animal Production
  • 1153 Support Activities for Forestry
  • 2213 Water, Sewage and Other Systems
  • 2381 Foundation, Structure, and Building Exterior Contractors
  • 3111 Animal Food Manufacturing
  • 3113 Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing
  • 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing
  • 3115 Dairy Product Manufacturing
  • 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing
  • 3117 Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging
  • 3118 Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing
  • 3119 Other Food Manufacturing
  • 3121 Beverage Manufacturing
  • 3161 Leather and Hide Tanning and Finishing
  • 3162 Footwear Manufacturing
  • 3211 Sawmills and Wood Preservation
  • 3212 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing
  • 3219 Other Wood Product Manufacturing
  • 3261 Plastics Product Manufacturing
  • 3262 Rubber Product Manufacturing
  • 3271 Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing
  • 3272 Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing
  • 3273 Cement and Concrete Product Manufacturing
  • 3279 Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing
  • 3312 Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel
  • 3314 Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing
  • 3315 Foundries
  • 3321 Forging and Stamping
  • 3323 Architectural and Structural Metals Manufacturing
  • 3324 Boiler, Tank, and Shipping Container Manufacturing
  • 3325 Hardware Manufacturing
  • 3326 Spring and Wire Product Manufacturing
  • 3327 Machine Shops; Turned Product; and Screw, Nut, and Bolt Manufacturing
  • 3328 Coating, Engraving, Heat Treating, and Allied Activities
  • 3331 Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing
  • 3335 Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing
  • 3361 Motor Vehicle Manufacturing
  • 3362 Motor Vehicle Body and Trailer Manufacturing
  • 3363 Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing
  • 3366 Ship and Boat Building
  • 3371 Household and Institutional Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturing
  • 3372 Office Furniture (including Fixtures) Manufacturing
  • 3379 Other Furniture Related Product Manufacturing
  • 4231 Motor Vehicle and Motor Vehicle Parts and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
  • 4233 Lumber and Other Construction Materials Merchant Wholesalers
  • 4235 Metal and Mineral (except Petroleum) Merchant Wholesalers
  • 4239 Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers
  • 4244 Grocery and Related Product Merchant Wholesalers
  • 4248 Beer, Wine, and Distilled Alcoholic Beverage Merchant Wholesalers
  • 4413 Automotive Parts, Accessories, and Tire Stores
  • 4422 Home Furnishings Stores
  • 4441 Building Material and Supplies Dealers
  • 4442 Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores
  • 4451 Grocery Stores
  • 4522 Department Stores
  • 4523 General Merchandise Stores, including Warehouse Clubs and Supercenters
  • 4533 Used Merchandise Stores
  • 4543 Direct Selling Establishments
  • 4811 Scheduled Air Transportation
  • 4841 General Freight Trucking
  • 4842 Specialized Freight Trucking
  • 4851 Urban Transit Systems
  • 4852 Interurban and Rural Bus Transportation
  • 4853 Taxi and Limousine Service
  • 4854 School and Employee Bus Transportation
  • 4859 Other Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation
  • 4871 Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Land
  • 4881 Support Activities for Air Transportation
  • 4883 Support Activities for Water Transportation
  • 4889 Other Support Activities for Transportation
  • 4911 Postal Service
  • 4921 Couriers and Express Delivery Services
  • 4931 Warehousing and Storage
  • 5322 Consumer Goods Rental
  • 5621 Waste Collection
  • 5622 Waste Treatment and Disposal
  • 6219 Other Ambulatory Health Care Services
  • 6221 General Medical and Surgical Hospitals
  • 6222 Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals
  • 6223 Specialty (except Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Hospitals
  • 6231 Nursing Care Facilities (Skilled Nursing Facilities)
  • 6232 Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability, Mental Health, and
  • Substance Abuse Facilities
  • 6233 Continuing Care Retirement Communities and Assisted Living Facilities for the Elderly
  • 6239 Other Residential Care Facilities
  • 6243 Vocational Rehabilitation Services
  • 7111 Performing Arts Companies
  • 7112 Spectator Sports
  • 7131 Amusement Parks and Arcades
  • 7211 Traveler Accommodation
  • 7212 RV (Recreational Vehicle) Parks and Recreational Camps
  • 7223 Special Food Services

Please be advised that all articles, blogs and written material are not intended to replace the advice of a physician.

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