After a long pandemic, people are ready to travel again and take the big vacations outside of the U.S. But some countries require travel vaccinations before your trip can begin.
Here is what you need to know.
The CDC recommends travelers get vaccines that are not part of the routine vaccination schedule to protect against travel-related illnesses. For example, a typhoid vaccine can prevent typhoid, a serious disease spread by contaminated food and water, which is not usually found in the United States.
Some countries require proof of vaccination before you can travel to their country.
You will need to get your vaccines at least a month before you travel to be fully protected. However, even a last-minute visit to a healthcare provider can be helpful to get medicines and advice for your trip.
Where can I go to get travel vaccines?
Call CNS Occupational Medicine, your local health clinic that can provide pre-travel advice, vaccines, and medicines.
We currently offer vaccines for:
Though not required for travel, the U.S. approved a second booster for “Healthy Adults 50 and Over” if it has been four months since the 1st booster dose, which falls around Dec 1st or earlier as of April 13, 2022.
Need a different vaccine? Call your doctor or local health department to see which clinics can help.
What vaccines are required for which country?
Some countries require proof of vaccination for:
DTaP – Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis – children younger than 7yrs old, recommended doses at 2,4,6, 15 months and 4 through 6 years of age.
TDaP – Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Whooping Cough) – 8 years and older, pre-teens who haven’t had the shot should get it between the ages of 11-12. Pregnant Women should get the Tdap during 3rd trimester of every pregnancy. Adults should get 1 shot every 10 years.
Polio – only 3 countries where Polio has not been stopped, Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan.
Yellow Fever – 9 months or older, traveling to Africa or South America
Measles – the vaccine is 2 doses, first dose 12-15 months of age and the second between 4-6 years of age. MMR vaccine should be given to anyone born after 1957 and never had measles or have never been vaccinated against measles. Measles remains a common disease throughout Middle East, Asia, the pacific and Africa.
Hepatitis B – shots are given in a series of 2,3,4 shots. Children at 6 months receive them and workers
Meningococcal – typically students headed to their first year of college need to get the meningitis vaccine.
Tetanus – 8 years and older, pre-teens who haven’t had the shot should get it between the ages of 11-12. Pregnant Women should get the Tdap during 3rd trimester of every pregnancy. Adults should get 1 shot every 10 years.
Typhoid Fever – typical in places with bad sanitation. 2 years of older can get Shot Vaccine and get a booster shot 2 weeks before travel.
Shingles – adults 50 years and older get 2 doses of the shingle vaccine called Shingrix. Adults 19 years or older who have weakened immune systems should get 2 doses as well.
Mumps – children 12-15 months of age typically receive the vaccine as 2 doses of the combination vaccine that fights measles and rubella as well. 2nd dose is 28 days following 1st dose.
Rubella (German measles)
Cholera – Vaxchora – recipients must be 18-64 years, People Traveling to Africa (Benin, Cameroon, Democratic republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Uganda) and Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Philippines, Yemen
Diphtheria – typically given in a series, children under 15 years of age get DTaP and teens and adults would get the TDaP series. Adults should get diphtheria shot every 10 years after most recent dose.